Adult malay sexs
From an initial list of 16,069 Malay names provided by the Ministry of Home Affairs, an age-stratified random sampling procedure was used to select 5600 names (1400 people from each decade of 40–49, 50–59, 60–69, and 70–80 years).Of the 5600 names initially identified, 4168 participants (74.4%) were determined to be eligible to participate.In multivariate analyses adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, smoking status, and education, myopia (spherical equivalent less than −0.5 diopter [D]) was associated with an increased prevalence of nuclear (OR: 4.99, 95% CI: 3.72–6.69) and PSC cataract (OR: 1.34, 95% CI: 1.30–1.39) but not with cortical cataract (OR: 0.85, 95% CI: 0.68–1.08) compared with emmetropia.
Therefore, understanding risk factors and mechanisms for cataract is important to allow further research to enable the eventual prevention of this eye condition.
Digital slit lamp and retroillumination lens photographs were taken and graded for age-related nuclear, cortical, and posterior subcapsular (PSC) cataract following the Wisconsin system.
After excluding eyes with prior refractive or cataract surgery, 5474 eyes with gradable lens photographs were analyzed.
Myopia, especially high myopia, may predispose to PSC cataract formation.
Clinically, ophthalmologists should be aware that risk of PSC cataract appears to vary by refractive status.