Dating rocks using radioactive isotopes dating guys that are
The biggest assumption is that, to first order, the number of asteroids and comets hitting the Earth and the Moon was the same as for Mercury, Venus, and Mars. The bottom line is that the more craters one sees, the older the surface is.
This can be interpreted in two ways: why it is important to know the age of a planet or how is age dating important in determining the age of a planet?
This time is known as the half-life of the radioactive isotope.We have an activity in one of the PSI workshops "Exploring the Terrestrial Planets," that deals with this topic.So, you can use the radioactive elements to measure the age of rocks and minerals. Their useful range is from about 1/10 their half-life (the time it takes for half of the radioactive element/isotope-- the parent, to convert into a non-radioactive element/isotope-- the daughter) to 10 times their half-life. You can use this to measure the age of a rock from about 128 million years to more than 10 billion years (the Solar System is 4.56 billion years old).Carbon is unreactive with a number of common lab substances: sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, chlorine, or any of the alkalis.It does burn in oxygen, and if you can pass the combusted gas through limewater, the carbon dioxide will turn the limewater milky by producing calcium carbonate.
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Earth) and what could happen to Earth in an extreme case, etc.