Many of them were encouraged by their Catholic brethren who looked forward to the departure of the heretics and seizing their property for themselves.
By 1688, nearly all of Martinique's French Protestant population had escaped to the British American colonies or Protestant countries back home.
During WWII, the Vichy government controlled Martinique and Guadeloupe.
German U-boats used Martinique for refueling and re-supply during the Battle of the Caribbean.
As part of France, Martinique is part of the European Union, and its currency is the euro.
The Carib people had migrated from the mainland to the islands about 1201 CE, according to carbon dating of artifacts.
As sugar prices declined in the early 1800s, the planter class lost political influence.
In 1848, Victor Schoelcher persuaded the French government to end slavery in the French West Indies.
Britain controlled the island almost continuously from 1794–1815, when it was traded back to France at the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars.
Martinique has remained a French possession since then.